Converting csv to sql using php

In previous posts we’ve discussed getting your csv files into sql format using different methods. I walked you through the process from csv to sql using HeidiSQL and PHPMyAdmin. I then did a follow up on how to import a large csv file into a MySQL database using the MySQL command prompt. In all these instances, what we were essentially doing was creating queries, just in different ways.

Well, today I want to present you with another method of getting your csv file into sql, using PHP code. For this piece of code, the full credit goes to legend. You need to make sure the database is already created before you dump the date.

/* Code at
/* Edit the entries below to reflect the appropriate values
$databasehost = “localhost”;
$databasename = “test”;
$databasetable = “sample”;
$databaseusername =”test”;
$databasepassword = “”;
$fieldseparator = “,”;
$lineseparator = “\n”;
$csvfile = “bbqrest.csv”;
/* Would you like to add an ampty field at the beginning of these records?
/* This is useful if you have a table with the first field being an auto_increment integer
/* and the csv file does not have such as empty field before the records.
/* Set 1 for yes and 0 for no. ATTENTION: don’t set to 1 if you are not sure.
/* This can dump data in the wrong fields if this extra field does not exist in the table
$addauto = 0;
/* Would you like to save the mysql queries in a file? If yes set $save to 1.
/* Permission on the file should be set to 777. Either upload a sample file through ftp and
/* change the permissions, or execute at the prompt: touch output.sql && chmod 777 output.sql
$save = 1;
$outputfile = “output.sql”;

if(!file_exists($csvfile)) {
echo “File not found. Make sure you specified the correct path.\n”;

$file = fopen($csvfile,”r”);

if(!$file) {
echo “Error opening data file.\n”;

$size = filesize($csvfile);

if(!$size) {
echo “File is empty.\n”;

$csvcontent = fread($file,$size);


$con = @mysql_connect($databasehost,$databaseusername,$databasepassword) or die(mysql_error());
@mysql_select_db($databasename) or die(mysql_error());

$lines = 0;
$queries = “”;
$linearray = array();

foreach(split($lineseparator,$csvcontent) as $line) {


$line = trim($line,” \t”);

$line = str_replace(“\r”,””,$line);

This line escapes the special character. remove it if entries are already escaped in the csv file
$line = str_replace(“‘”,”\'”,$line);

$linearray = explode($fieldseparator,$line);

$linemysql = implode(“‘,'”,$linearray);

$query = “insert into $databasetable values(”,’$linemysql’);”;
$query = “insert into $databasetable values(‘$linemysql’);”;

$queries .= $query . “\n”;



if($save) {

if(!is_writable($outputfile)) {
echo “File is not writable, check permissions.\n”;

else {
$file2 = fopen($outputfile,”w”);

if(!$file2) {
echo “Error writing to the output file.\n”;
else {


echo “Found a total of $lines records in this csv file.\n”;


So that is one nice easy way to do it, and the code is easy to follow and understand, so that you can mod and adapt it to your needs. Many thanks to legend for this code.

#develop – an Open Source Development Environment for .NET

My friend Bo recently pointed me in the direction of a cool great app, it’s “The Open Source Development Environment for .NET”, aka #develop, and what it does is allow you to create .NET applications in a free open-source environment. #develop (short for SharpDevelop) is a free IDE for C#, VB.NET and Boo projects on Microsoft’s .NET platform. It is open-source, and you can download both sourcecode and executables from the sharpdevelop website. For those of you who program in the .NET framework, this is definitely worth a look.

I haven’t made the move to .NET yet, so this might just be the impetus I need!!

Happy Coding!

Spamproof your email link with Javascript

Wouldn’t it be nice to post your email address right on your page without having to worry about spam harvesters and other malicious bots?

I do! See an example in the footer section of my Web Development Forums.

I use Javascript to do this. It is a highly effective method for a few reasons:

  1. Javascript output is unsearchable by search engines.
  2. Spam harvesters, and most other bots and spiders ignore javascript to avoid being caught in loops and infinite content generators

Here’s how to do it!

Copy and paste the script below into the HTML content of your webpage right where you want the email link to be.

Next, update the actual email information (change the variable values).
admin = you, hypertextfever = yourdomain, com = your tld (com, net, org, etc.))

Next, I recommend changing the variable names. They are currently female names that start with “s”. This is simply preference. It’s just best to diversify these variable names so that bots don’t get “wise” to it.

A good example would be to change the three instances of “susan” to “charlie”, and “sally” to “chuck”, etc. Please be aware that there are three instances of each.

<script type="text/javascript">
var susan = "admin";
var sally = "@";
var sandra = "hypertextfever";
var sarah = ".";
var sonia = "com";
document.write('<a href="mailto:'+susan+sally+sandra+sarah+sonia+'">'+susan+sally+sandra+sarah+sonia+'</a>');

Easier than an email form, and it’s more usable too!

Importing large csv files into sql using the command prompt

I recently did a series of posts on how to convert a csv file into a sql file. You can see a summary here that will lead you to the other posts.

In that series I talked you through doing the import using HeidiSQL and then creating the sql file using phpMyAdmin, a process which is easy and straightforward to use. However, for those who like to use the MySQL command prompt, there is another way to go through this process, using the LOAD DATA INFILE command.

What you do is get to your MySQL command prompt and log in as root. Create the database and the tables using the same basic process I outlined before in my newbie tutorial about importing large sql dumps. In summary:

1. Create the database:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE database_name;

3. If this is done correctly with no typos, you will get a success statement to the effect:

Query OK, 1 row affected <0.00 sec>

4. Switch to the database you just created using the USE command.

mysql> USE directory_name;

You should see the text

Database Changed

Then create the table using the create table command:

CREATE TABLE “table_name”
(“column 1” “data_type_for_column_1”,
“column 2” “data_type_for_column_2”,
… )

Remember that you want your columns to correspond to the fields and data types in your csv file.

Once the database and table are created, you are ready to import your csv file. Remember that you can use this same process for any other kind of delimited file, whether it uses commas, semicolons, or other types of delimiters. To import the csv or other delimited file into MySQL, use the LOAD DATA INFILE command. This command has several options and things you need to consider. Here is the basic syntax:

INTO TABLE tbl_name
[CHARACTER SET charset_name]
[TERMINATED BY ‘string’]
[ESCAPED BY ‘char’]
[STARTING BY ‘string’]
[TERMINATED BY ‘string’]
[SET col_name = expr,…]

This may look a little confusing, but it really isn’t. The stuff in square brackets [] is your options that are determined by your source and your data, and a lot of them may be optional and unnecessary. If you study the code carefully you will recognize a lot of the same options we encountered when using HeidiSQL to import the file, for example

[TERMINATED BY ‘string’]
[ESCAPED BY ‘char’]

for the example file that we used in the previous tutorials would be:


Does this look familiar? See if you can redo the process of importing the csv file that we went through in the tutorial but this time using the MySQL command line. This is a useful exercise because you may be faced with a situation where the command line is all you have. So have a go at it!

I recommend that you read up on the syntax of the LOAD DATA INFILE command at This is for v.5.1, so if you are using a different version, please check to make sure the syntax is correct.

If you have any difficulties, questions, comments, or have noticed some errors in this tutorial please do leave a comment. I will greatly appreciate it!

Happy Coding!